Home Arrays Find the missing number in an array. (Method 4)

Find the missing number in an array. (Method 4)

by nikoo28
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Question:- We are given a list of n-1 integers and these integers are in the range of 1 to n. There are no duplicates in list. One of the integers is missing. Give an algorithm to find the missing integer.

Input:- 1, 2, 4, 6, 3, 7, 8
Output:- 5

We solved this problem using array summation here. We can also utilize the property of XOR to solve this problem. The major property of XOR that we will be using is A XOR A = 0.

Thus, the steps involved are:-

  • XOR all the numbers from 1 to n. Get a value ‘num1’.
  • XOR all the elements of the array. Get a value ‘num2’.
  • Get the XOR of num1 and num2.

Since all the elements are repeated, the XOR becomes 0 and the only numbers that does not becomes zero is the missing number. Thus we get our number. Here is an implementation of the algorithm:-

//find missing number in array of size 'size' range is 1-n
int findMissingNumberXOR(int arr[], int size, int n)
	int i;

	int xor1 = 0;
	//get the XOR of all the numbers from 1 to n
		xor1 ^= i;

	int xor2 = 0;

	//loop through the array and get the XOR of elements
	for(i = 0;i<size;i++)
		xor2 ^= arr[i];

	return (xor1 ^ xor2);

Time Complexity:- O(n) to scan the array
Space Complexity:- O(1)

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