Home Arrays Find the missing number in an array. (Method 3)

Find the missing number in an array. (Method 3)

by nikoo28
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Question:- We are given a list of n-1 integers and these integers are in the range of 1 to n. There are no duplicates in list. One of the integers is missing. Give an algorithm to find the missing integer.

Input:- 1, 2, 4, 6, 3, 7, 8
Output:- 5

We solved the same problem via sorting here. Another solution to the problem is possible that has a even smaller time complexity and requires just a single scan of the array.
The technique involved is:-

  • Using the summation formula, get the sum of numbers till ‘n’
    Σn = ((n) * (n+1))/2
  • Sum all the elements of the array.
  • Subtract the sum of the array from the total sum. This gives you the missing number

Here is an implementation of the same:-

//find missing number in array of size 'size'
int findMissingNumberSummation(int arr[], int size)
	int i;

	int sum = ((size) * (size+1))/2;

	int arr_sum = 0;

	//loop through the array and calculate array sum
	for(i = 0;i<size;i++)
		arr_sum += arr[i];

	return (sum - arr_sum);

Time Complexity:- O(n) for scanning the complete array
Space Complexity:- O(1)

Method 4 (Using XOR operation)

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