Question: You will be given two arrays of integers and asked to determine all integers between two sets that satisfy the following two conditions:– The elements of the first array are all factors of the integer being considered– The integer being considered is a factor of all elements of the second array Input:a = { 2, 6 }b = { 24, 36 } Output:2 I really want to simplify this really confusing problem statement first. The hardest part about this problem is to understand what is it actually saying. To…
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Question: Given an array of integers, find the number of pairs of array elements that have a difference equal to the target value. Example: Input:arr[ ] = {1, 2, 3, 4}k = 1 Output: 3 Problem Statement Let us try to simplify the problem statement first and understand the sample test case. You are given an array of unique integers which is in any random order. Along with the array, you are also given a target value k. If you pick up any 2 integers from the array, they would…

Question: You are required to find missing numbers that are left out while an artist transports numbers from one array to other. The output array should be sorted. Input:arr [ ] = {7, 2, 5, 3, 5, 3}brr [ ] = {7, 2, 5, 4, 6, 3, 5, 3} Output:Missing numbers: {4, 6} Problem Statement: Let me try to simplify the problem a little first. The problem description is quite verbose and we narrow down it to quite an extent. To summarize, the artist has an original array brr, and…

Question: Given 3 arrays, where each element represent the height of a cylinder. Find the maximum possible height of equal stacks by removing one or more cylinders from the original stack. Example: Input: n1[] = {3, 2, 1, 1, 1}n2[] = {4, 3, 2}n3[] = {1, 1, 4, 1} Output: 5 Problem Statement Let us try to simplify the problem statement first. The problem states that you are provided with 3 sets of arrays. Each element in the array represents the height of a cylinder. Now, all these cylinders are…

Question: You are given an array of integers. After a left rotation of k times, find the resultant array. Example 1:Input: arr [ ] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}, size = 5, k = 2Output: {3, 4, 5, 1, 2} Example 2:Input: arr [ ] = {4, 8, 15, 16, 23, 42}, size = 6, k = 12Output: {4, 8, 15, 16, 23, 42} Terminology: To understand rotation of an array, you can assume that the array is kind of on an infinite conveyor belt, that keeps on looping.…

Question: Find the sum of even fibonacci numbers upto a limit N. Input:100Output: 44 Fibonacci numbers are a miracle of Math and are defined as: Thus the Fibonacci series can be given as0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21… Let us try to understand the question. We need to find all the Fibonacci numbers till a limit ‘N’ and then sum only the even numbers in them.Example:N = 10 Fibonacci numbers: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8 Sum of even numbers: 2 + 8 = 10 N…

Question: Given two strings, determine if they share a common substring. If they have a common substring, print YES else print NO. Input:studyalgorithmsalgosOutput: YES This is one of the easy problems but can get a little tricky, if we do not understand it completely. Let us try to understand the test caseString 1 = “studyalgorithms” String 2 = “algos”The substring “algo” is common between both the substrings and therefore the answer is “YES“. Let us try to take one more test case. String 1 = “hello” String 2 = “world”The…

Question: If we list all the natural numbers below 10 that are multiples of 3 or 5, we get 3, 5, 6 and 9. The sum of these multiples is 23. Find the sum of all the multiples of 3 or 5 below ‘N’ Input: N = 100 Output: 2318 The most naive approach to solve this problem will be Iterate over each number till N If the number is divisible by 3 or 5, add it to the sum Print the sum This approach can work well to numbers…

Question: Given a string, identify the index of character to be removed to change the string into a palindrome. If the string cannot be converted to palindrome or is already a palindrome just return 1. Input: abckdeedcbaOutput: 3 (0 based indexing) To start off with the problem, we must first understand that there can be two possible ways to make the string a palindrome. If the given string is “bcbc”. If we remove the first ‘b’, the string becomes “cbc” which is a palindrome. If we remove the last ‘c’,…

Let us try to simplify the problem as much as we can. We are given with some of the terms. Weights: According to the problem each character in the English alphabet has been assigned a weight. ‘a’ has been given a weight of 1, ‘b’ has a weight of 2, and so on. The weight of ‘z’ is 26. All the letters are assumed to be lowercase for simplicity. Weight of a string: This is defined as the sum of all the characters in the string. Example if a string…